Wednesday, 28 January 2015

Inside View of Amma's Canteen.

The canteens, which have been hugely popular due to the price and quality of food, cater to an estimated 3 lakh customers on a daily basis and provide livelihood to 5,000 people, officials said.

The State has a total of 298 canteens, which have been a source of fascination to governments and civic bodies within and outside the country.

Friday, 9 January 2015

Big Slum Areas in Top 10 Cities of India

In these clean and green city of India, Due to rising population, the number of slum dwellers rising in Indian cities. Slums area always lack by some basic necessities of Life clean water, electricity and sanitation. The inhabitants are mostly rickshaw puller,sex workers, seasonal small vendors, house maid servants with a family income ranging from a meager Rs.1500 to Rs.3000. After a hard and low-earning working day, most of the men spend their daily earnings on homemade illicit liquor. Status of woman�s in slum is not respectful, they used to do prostitution to full fill their basic needs to survive. The slum population is constantly increasing: it has doubled in the past two decades. The current population living in slums in the country is more than the population of Britain.
List Of Top Indian Cities Living In Slums:

Dharavi Slum Mumbai: Mumbai �The Dream city� hold the biggest slum area in India known as Dharavi. Asia�s largest slum, Dharavi, is spread over an area of 1.75 km along the Mahim river in central Mumbai. Dharavi is just one of many slum areas in city of Mumbai.

Bhalswa Slum Delhi: In�The Heart of India� the Slum population was considered as 20% of the total population of Delhi, It also has largest child labours. These slum tend to bank of river yamuna. Slum dwellers from various parts of Delhi have been resettled to Bhalswa. Delhi Government is thinking to launch a survey to prepare a data base of slum dwellers in the city to help them. Delhi has become one of the most unsafe Indian city for women, due to the large population and crimes.

Nochikuppam Slum Chennai: �The city of flyovers� has Nochikuppam slum with 1,300 huts where around 5 thousand people live below poverty level and they don�t have enough money for two meals a day.

Basanti Slum kolkata:�The City of Joy� Kolkata has slum area known as Basanti slum, it is one of the major slum areas in kolkata. One third of Kolkata�s population, lived in 2011 registered and 3500 unregistered slums.

Rajendra Nagar Slum Bangalore: �The garden city� Bangalore alone hold 570 slums form total of around 2000 slums in State. It is estimated that about 20% of Bangalore population reside in slums. The families living in the slum are not ready to move into the temporary shelters, saying it is unjust and risky to live under a flyover. As per the latest comments from people of Bangalore, Rajendra Nagar Slum does not exit now,all the slum dwellers has been rehabilitated. 

Indiramma Nagar Hyderabad: �The City of Nizam� Around 624689 peoples live in slums area of Hyderabad. There is very little land available for all the people�s live in  104 identified and 24 unidentified slums in Hyderabad.

Saroj Nagar Slum Nagpur: �The Orange city� Nagpur has 424 legal slum area�s, Sarojnagar is just one of the 424 slums in the city. In Nagpur, approximately 40 % of the population live in slums. These slums are home to over 1,42,000 people and cover about 1,600 hectares of prime land.Due to struggle for land in Maharashtra, it was making second largest slum area in Nagpur after Dharavi Mumbai.

Mehbullahpur Slum Lucknow: �The City of Nawabs� Lucknow�s population includes large numbers of poor people, many of who live in slums. 20000 persons living in 22 of the 460 slums in Lucknow city. Many people are migrated Lucknow from the different part of the nearest district for daily wages.

Satnami Nagar Slum Bhopal: �The City of Lakes� Bhopal has many slums area, Satnami Nagar is one of the oldest slums in Bhopal. Ruhal Nagar and Shanti Nagar are first two slums area in bhopal to be declared open-defecation. Peoples of bhopal live on streets and these slum provide them shelter and other facility to survive.

Parivartan Slum Ahmadabad: Approximately 440000 people live in slums within the city. Ahmadabad is home to a large population of poor peoples living on the river banks. River side slums in Ahmadabad are about 40 yr old.

Source: walkthroughindia

Wednesday, 7 January 2015

Kids From NGO Got Surprise - Thanks to Amazon India

It�s that time of year when kids are asked to list down the one thing they want Santa to bring them on Christmas. And, if Santa thinks they�ve been good, their presents are rightfully placed under the beautifully decorated Christmas tree.

This time, Amazon India decided to play Santa for a bunch of lively, adorable kids at an NGO. The kids were directed to write down the one thing they wanted, and hang it on the Christmas tree. Needless to say, Amazon India took care of the rest.

�The smallest act of kindness is worth more than the grandest intention.� ~ Oscar Wilde

Haryana villagers turn entrepreneurs with the help of Delhi University business students

For 21-year-old Neeraj, life was just about cooking and attending to household chores after she finished her schooling in 2010. But her life changed when a group of Delhi University students adopted Ghamdhoj village, where Neeraj lives, and started working towards its economic and social development.

Students from Shaheed Sukhdev College of Business Studies adopted the village, situated around 90 km from Delhi, under a project called 'Garmoddhar'.
A group of 20 students from various courses started a host of programmes for the benefit of the villagers, including the inauguration of a library for the all-girl school in the village .

Neeraj is now running a beauty-parlour with the help of the DU students. 
"My parents were not ready but these students kept persuading them and finally they agreed. Now I run my own business and earn money," Neeraj said. 
The students said the villagers were initially reluctant to any change, but they became more accessible with the passage of time. 
"We met many NGOs working in Haryana and finally decided to work on Ghamdhoj. There is a huge disparity in income and social level among the people there. The majority is poor and involved in part-time labour.

"The village also has gender issues so we had to be careful while working with women. We persuaded to make the villagers understand the importance of letting the women study and be independent," Nandita, a member of the group, said.
Books were collected for the new library in the all-girl school.
"We collected over 1,000 books and started a library in the school. Now the girls can access many new books," Priyal, a first year student of management studies, said.
The group has a clear cut aim which is to uplift the economic standard of the entire village.
"We can achieve greater social integration when the people are economically poised at same level. Otherwise, the poor are usually from the socially outcast communities. We started a poultry farm with a woman. We are planning to start again with her and other women. We also started mushroom farming with some people," Nandita said.
The group is also working on sanitation awareness in the area by providing sanitary pads at a reduced price to women.
"We get sanitary pads at low cost from manufacturers and give it to a selected individuals who then sell it at a small profit margin," another member Sarthak said.

A project titled 'ENACTUS', which is being run by a foreign NGO, is also getting active participation from these students. 
"We get some funding from CSR activities of few companies but rest of the money is generated by the other income generating activities," management student Aantika said. 
The group is now planning to start boutiques, chocolate making units and installing solar generators to meet the electricity requirement of the villagers. 
The activities of the students have come in for praise from the village.
"These students have done a lot for our village. We do our bit to help them and they are doing their bit to help us," sarpanch Satpal Raghav said.

India has one third of world's poorest, says World Bank

One in three of the world's poorest people are living in India, the world's second-fastest growing economy, according to a new study by the World Bank.

While new figures show that the number of those in extreme poverty around the world - surviving on 82 pence per day or less - has declined significantly, India now has a greater share of the world's poorest than it did thirty years ago. Then it was home to one fifth of the world's poorest people, but today it accounts for one-third - 400 million.
The study, The State of the Poor: Where are the Poor and Where are the Poorest?, found the number of extremely poor people had declined from half the world's population in 1981 to one fifth in 2010, but voiced concern at its increase in Sub-Saharan Africa and continuing high level in India.
World Bank president Jim Yong Kim said while the overall decline was "remarkable progress", the remaining 1.2 billion people living in extreme poverty was "a stain on our collective conscience." His colleague, World Bank chief economist Kaushik Basu, who until last year was economic advisor to Indian prime minister Dr Manmohan Singh, said the figures called for the world's wealthier countries to do more.

"We have made strides in cutting down poverty, but with nearly one-fifth of the world population still below the poverty line, not enough. Directing investment towards the poor will require coordinated effort by the Bank, our country partners, and the international development community; and will, let's face it, entail sacrifice on the part of those who are fortunate enough to be better off," he said.

The scale of continuing extreme poverty in India, despite its economy nudging growth rates of nine per cent in recent years, highlights what government strategists have called its "ticking time bomb." Its population is expected to reach 1.5 billion and become the world's largest nation by 2026 but its economy is not growing fast enough to create the 20 million new jobs per year they will need to prevent poverty increasing further.
Its problems are compounded by poor health services, child malnutrition and inadequate education and training. Almost half of pupils drop out of school by the age of 13 and only one in ten people have received any form of job training.
The perception of India as a fast-growing economy however has seen developed countries significantly reduce their aid. The United States has announced a 16 per cent reduction while Britain has announced it will end its �280 million per year aid programme.
Thomas Chandy of Save The Children said 200 million people had been lifted from poverty in the last two decades but the recent economic growth had left one third of the population untouched. "India's status has gone down despite the economic growth, inequality has widened which makes the poor poorer. In child mortality, infant mortality and maternal mortality, India seems to have the largest populations in all these categories. We would like to see focused interventions [because] the most difficult areas remain untouched," he said.

Author: Dean Nelson, New Delhi

8 Reasons Why India is So Poor

The Super Poor India !

India has 269 million (or 22 percent) people under the poverty line, as against 407 million in 2004-05. This is latest claim of India�s Planning Commission in July 2013. The more comprehensive Multidimensional Poverty Index 2013 report of UK based Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) says there 53.7 percent (or 650 million) people are poor. While there can never be agreement on poverty numbers, compare these numbers with the European Union and US populations of 500 million and 310 million, respectively.

India holds the distinction of having the most number of poor of the world � a super poor nation! Consequently, South Asia has become the world�s biggest center of extreme poverty. On the World Bank�s extreme poverty line of 1.25 dollars a day, there are roughly 500 million and 400 million extreme poor in South Asia and sub Saharan Africa, respectively. The chart below clearly shows the global poverty trends since 1981.

1. Social Inequality Leading to Exclusion and Marginalization

Societies cannot progress if certain sections of people are left-out simply because they happen to be from the �wrong� class, caste, ethnic group, race or sex. If the virus of color and race based discrimination has damaged the social set up of many countries in the West, the bacteria of �caste� division has undermined the cohesive social fabric of India. Lower caste people have traditionally been excluded from the mainstream society, governed by the so called upper caste communities. They have historically lived isolated in the periphery of the villages and townships and subsisted doing only those tasks considered �unfit� for the other castes. Their un-touchability can be considered the worst form of rejection by the mainstream society.

While considerable change has taken place in people�s attitude since 1947, but the �lower caste� communities are still not satisfactorily absorbed in the mainstream society. Rural India (where 70% of the population lives) is still quite �caste conscious� compared with the urban society where education and financial well-being has largely erased the caste divisions. Mahatma Gandhi tried to remove the social stigma of un-touchability by coining the label "Harijan" (god's people) for them but with only partial success. The official label for about 170 million unfortunate lower caste people is Scheduled Caste (SC).

Another segment of society that is still very much detached from the mainstream is the tribal community forming 8% of the population. These tribal people (called Scheduled Tribe (ST)) have historically lived in secluded areas such as forests. The Colonial British designated their habitations as "excluded areas" not as any special privilege but for convenience of the colonial policies. Unfortunately, the free governments after 1947 never bothered to assimilate them into rest of the mainstream society and the tribal communities continued to remain isolated and �barely governed.� As a result, besides the poverty of the tribal communities, their backward due to lack of governance of their areas also gave rise to armed Maoist movement. It, ideologically, wants to establish communist state based on Mao�s principles through gun battle. Popularly called Naxals, these Maoists now pose the biggest internal security threat for the country.

Beside the SCs and STs, there are several other communities designated �Other Backward Classes� or simply OBC � they may or may not be Hindus. Their socioeconomic plight is also similar to SCs and STs. The list of OBCs is dynamic and every now and then the government edits it (mostly for political reasons); there is significant confusion about their exact proportion. However, most experts agree OBCs to be in the range 25 � 35% of the population.

Why this issue of marginalization is important can be guessed from the statistics: Indian population consists of roughly 16% SC, 8% ST, and 35% OBC. Hence, combined together they form 60 � 65 percent India's population! So, the population of the so-called forward or upper class is less than one-third, but who by and large control everything.

The policy of reservation in government jobs for the backward communities has certainly helped them to rise up to some extent. But it is limited to the small fraction of the backward communities that somehow managed to do well and gain education.

2. Illiteracy

High level of illiteracy, particularly in the rural areas and among women, has been a crucial factor not only in perpetuating economic backwardness but also for high population growth. The persistence of high illiteracy has created a situation where poverty and population are feeding each other. It is well established that female literacy plays an important role in the well-being of the family in many ways. When women are educated, they not only contribute economically but also raise healthier kids and keep the family size small. Early marriage of girls and early child bearing is closely related with their low literacy; it feeds poverty.

In 2010 only 26.6% women above 25 years found to have received secondary education, as opposed to 50.4% men. In comparison, in China 54.8% women and 70.4% men had secondary education; in the US, this figure was 94.7% for women and 94.3% for men.

3. Population

While the growth rate of population has decreased significantly over the decades and India's population is currently growing annually at the rate of about 1.5 percent. It is largely driven by population momentum (large base of people in the fertile age); not because people want large families. Around 18 million people are added to population each year. However, not that many people are lifted out of poverty every year. Early marriage of girls and lack of awareness about reproductive healthcare, particularly in the rural areas, are major factors behind current population growth. Population is clearly a factor contributing to, and sustaining, high levels of poverty. But the Chinese population control through one-child model would be a bad example to follow for the democratic India. (Dark Side of One Child Policy of China)

4. Gender Inequality

Gender equality is both a core concern and an essential part of human development. Indian social fabric is highly patriarchal which has left women significantly exploited and discriminated. If caste based biases work only outside home in the open society, the discrimination against women operates both in and out of homes. Not only men always get preference in every walk of life, women have always been restricted in freedom.

Their weak status, particularly in the rural areas, is at the root of most chronic problems. It is their lack of awareness or access to family planning tools and early marriage of girls and their early child bearing, which ultimately have led to high population; lack of awareness of health issues related to pregnancy and child upbringing has resulted in high mortality rate, under-nutrition and malnutrition among children; lower education and lack of freedom has resulted in low participation in societal processes. All these factors are enough to feed and sustain poverty.

The gender inequality is especially tragic not only because it excludes women from participation in democratic and social processes, but also because it gravely imperils the life prospects of future generations. The extent of gender discrimination can be measured through the Gender Inequality Index (GII), which captures the loss in a country�s progress due to gender inequality in three dimensions: reproductive health, empowerment and labor market participation.

On the GII 2012, India was ranked at 132 position among 148 countries. According to the report, all countries in South Asia, with the exception of Afghanistan, were better places for women than India � with Sri Lanka (75th) topping them all; Nepal ranked 102nd and Bangladesh 111th. India ranks low partly because of its skewed sex ratio, with only 914 females every 1000 males.

5. Unequal Distribution of Wealth

India happens to be a rich country inhabited by very poor people. � Dr Manmohan Singh

Unfortunately, since departure of the colonial British in 1947 all economic development has taken place in the cities when the majority of the population lives in the countryside. Thus, the rural India has always remained neglected. Another peculiarity is the land holding pattern in India: most land has traditionally been under the control of a few landlords, leaving the vast majority landless. This lopsided land ownership can be traced back to the "Zamindari" system started by the colonial British. Handful zamindars became legal owners of vast tracts of land and all others had to work for them to survive. This rent seeking exploitative system has since kept a vast majority of people in the rural India poor. Land reforms were debated noisily after independence but implementation lacked honest political will, despite the famous "Bhoodan Andolan" of Vinoba Bhave. Unfortunately, land reforms are no more an issue of public debates at present. All talks of poverty removal appear to center only around economic reforms, imitating the unsuitable Western capitalism.

6. Faulty Economic Reforms

The so called economic liberalization and market reforms started in the 1990s are nothing but an attempt to replicate the Western capitalism that promotes "trickle down" economy. It serves to make the rich richer and expand the economy. If the poor which form the majority in India gain anything, it more by default than design.

It is a bad model for a populous country like India which has a large fraction of population that lives disconnected from the mainstream economy. The vast majority of the poor of the country are from the socially disadvantaged sections like the SCs/STs and OBCs. Due to their marginalization and seclusion, practically nothing trickles down to them.

Given the huge population base and poverty, India needs an "employment centric" economy � a lot of micro, small and medium business units. Only they can employ the huge base of unskilled or semi-skilled people. Large high-tech industrial units don't generate many jobs and certainly can't employ unskilled or low skilled people whose numbers run well beyond 350 million. According to the NSSO survey, the size of India's workforce is around 450 million. Of which only about 30 million work in the formal or organized sector. The government recognizes only about 70 million as unemployed or underemployed. Thus, there are 350 million unrecognized by the government as unemployed. Government surveys list them as "self employed" but they barely survive and live chronically in poverty. Who are these "self employed" people, more in numbers than the population of United States, and how do they survive?

They milk the cows, become seasonal farm workers, run small shops or sell on the roadsides, make incense sticks, match sticks and bidis, drive manual or auto rickshaws, work as domestic help, work as unaccounted contract workers on daily wages, work as gardeners and watchmen, or work as plumbers, carpenters or shoe repairers and so on. They have no safety net such as pension or healthcare benefits enjoyed by the regular employees and hence, are the most vulnerable. They are also the first victim of natural calamities, now becoming more frequent due to climate mess up. [It is fair to assume that most casualties due to abrupt climatic events are of the poor. Of course, nothing changes for better after their death-toll makes headline news.]

Jobless Economic Growth

The Indian economy created fewer than 3 million job between 2005 and 2010 !! Considering population growth of 18 million every year, around 10 million new jobs are needed per year!!! The current "follow West" economists of India haven't the slightest idea about what type of economic reforms India and its poor people really need. Their thinking stops at inviting "foreign direct investments" and vision fails to go beyond air conditioned corporate houses of the rich and wealthy.

I really wonder why Indian rulers don't look at the neighboring Himalayan kingdom Bhutan which rejected GDP as measure of progress long ago and follows "gross national happiness" - a sustainable model of development that considers many things other than economic growth. Even the UN is showing interest in it.

7. Corruption

Corruption and leakages in government schemes are widespread in India. Late Prime Minister Rajeev Gandhi had famously admitted that only about 15% money actually reaches the ultimate beneficiaries. Even if we discard this figure as highly pessimistic and assume that say 30-35% of the welfare funds actually reach the designated beneficiaries, the rest is siphoned off by people connected to the implementing government machinery. This is a common way for the people with connections to the politicians and government bodies to acquire wealth � of course at the cost of the poor who generally have no voice or ability to assert. Another common form of corruption in schemes designed for the poor is inclusion of non-BPL people with political connections in the list of beneficiaries. The end result is that the eligible poor are denied the benefits. Poor service delivery of government programs is a norm rather than exception in India.

8. The Colonial Rule

"A significant fact which stands out is that those parts of India which have been longest under British rule are the poorest today." � Jawaharlal Nehru, First Prime Minister of India

The colonial British rule laid the foundation for a long term and chronic poverty in India after they departed. This is what Nehru is saying in different set of words. The tiny state of Kerala in the southern India fortunately saw the least damaging influence of the British exploiters (there are many reasons for that) and is at present a unique model (in the world) of improvement in the quality of life through social and human development. It is something unthinkable for a Western brain which has been taught to see economic growth alone as "development."

It was the traditional historic prosperity of India that attracted invaders from various parts of the world in the last 2000 years. Prior to the British, India had been ruled by the foreigners like the Kushanas, Turko-Afghans and Mughals. All of them gradually got assimilated into the Indian society and culture. They not only became absorbed in India but also protected and promoted Indian society, culture and economy. None of them systematically drained India�s wealth or resources to make another country prosperous. Revenue collected or wealth acquired by them was spent within India. Whether spent on the public or for personal luxury of the ruling elite, the wealth remained within the country. Thus, India remained prosperous even in the Mughal era until the East India Company started acquiring "diwani" (right to collect revenue) around 1760. It was the beginning of the legal "loot." The colonial rule was all about robbing India to enrich Britain; other unfortunate colonized States were also bled to make Britain prosperous.

The Battle of Plasssey in June 1757 marked the beginning of British dominance (and also the beginning of end of the Mughal Empire): when a small force of the East India Company's professional troops, defeated and killed the ruling Nawab of Bengal, Siraju-ud-daula. The outcome of the battle marked a significant turning point in the history of Indian subcontinent. It allowed the English East India Company foothold on the Indian soil, from which to undertake its future expansionist ventures within and around India. Soon, after the Battle of Buxar it acquired the "diwani" in Bengal and in 1765 its rights expanded to Bihar and Orissa.

Unlike their predecessors the British, however, consciously remained in India as foreign occupiers until their departure in 1947. They remained isolated from the Indian society and culture and formed a separate class of their own within India. The only reason for their presence in India (and in other occupied regions) was to secure raw materials for British industries and other goods for the comforts of their citizens. The vast population in India also provided market for goods manufactured back home. They subordinated Indian economy to the British trade and industry. Their economic policies actively favored non-Indians or made things difficult for Indian businessmen. As occupiers, they used Indian wealth to pay for all their expansionist ventures and territory building both inside and outside India.

Moreover, the British policies forcibly disbanded community grain banks and promoted replacement of food crops for local consumption to cash crops like cotton, opium, tea and grains for export to feed the animals in England. This change in the cropping pattern left Indian farmers vulnerable to famines. There are documentary evidence to suggest the colonial rulers chose to ignore the famine affected people. It is estimated that during the two centuries of colonial rule, famines and the resulting epidemics caused over 30 million deaths. The most recent Bengal Famine of 1943-44 led to about 1.5 million deaths from starvation; 3.5 million if deaths from epidemics are also included.

In his masterpiece "Poverty and un-British Rule in India" Dadabhai Naoroji (popularly labeled as "The Grand Old Man of India" and "The Father of Indian Nationalism" ) also categorically blamed "the drain of wealth" for the poverty in India.


India needs several types of reforms in order to really crush widespread poverty, not just the economic liberalization imitating western economies. 1. The economic reforms need to be employment centric, focused on the unorganized sector which supports over 300 million poor, 2. Electoral and administrative reforms to root out deep rooted corruption that eats away major chunk of the welfare budget and promotes dishonesty, 3. Police and judicial reforms so that the poor feel protected; at present they are easily victimized by the rich and powerful, 4. Social and land reforms to eliminate all forms of caste or community based discriminations and empower the poor. and 5. Finally, promote women empowerment through education and healthcare; it will greatly help deal with poverty fed by the population growth.

Author: Goodpal

World Best Person is in India!

Must read and share--

Mr.Kalayanasundaram worked as a Librarian for 30 years. Every month in his 30 year experience(service), he donated his entire salary to help the needy. He worked as a server in a hotel to meet his needs. He donated even his pension amount of about TEN(10) Lakh rupees to the needy.

He is the first person in the world to spend the entire earnings for a social cause. In recognition to his service, (UNO)United Nations Organisation adjudged him as one of the Outstanding People of the 20th Century.. An American organisation honored him with the �Man of the Millennium� award. He received a sum of Rs 30 crores as part of this award which he distributed entirely for the needy as usual.

Moved by his passion to help others, Super Star Rajinikanth adopted him as his father. He still stays as a bachelor and dedicated his entire life for serving the society.

We all should be PROUD. UNO has honored him but we don't even know that such a personality exist amongst us.

At least have the courtesy to pass this on and on till the whole world comes to know about this Great Good Samaritan.
Man of the Millennium.....
Hat's off Kalayanasundaram.. We are extremely proud of you and proudly say "EVEN THIS , HAPPENS ONLY IN INDIA"